Pedicled nasal flaps in transnasal endoscopic surgery: review of indications and surgical techniques
At present an exclusive endoscopic endonasal approach is sufficient in the majority of cases to treat pathologies involving the sinonasal compartment and the surrounding anatomical subsites (e.g. orbit, ventral skull base, upper parapharyngeal space, etc.) with the advantage of minimising surgical invasiveness. In this context, nasal vascularised local flaps are widely employed because they represent a more effective option for reconstruction or preservation of noble/vital structures compared to grafts. On the other hand, the surgical extension and morbidity are minimised compared to regional or free flaps. Several nasal local flaps have been described in the literature: the aim of this review is to examine their applications, characteristics, indications, success rates and morbidities. Different nasal flaps based on single or multiple pedicles have been described; the choice between them is based on different factors such as the flap’s shape and dimension, localisation of the pedicle’s origin, width of rotation angle, previous surgeries which could compromise vascularisation, and surgical experience, in addition to the position and dimension of the area which must be resurfaced.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
© Società Italiana di Otorinolaringoiatria e chirurgia cervico facciale , 2023
- Abstract viewed - 72 times
- PDF downloaded - 48 times